Archaeology and Latin America

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Vilcabamba and the Archaeology of Inca Resistance

Brian S. Bauer
Javier Fonseca Santa Cruz
Miriam Aráoz Silva

The sites of Vitcos and Espíritu Pampa are two of the most important Inca cities within the remote Vilcabamba region of Peru. The province has gained notoriety among historians, archaeologists, and other students of the Inca, since it was from here that the last independent Incas waged a nearly forty-year-long war (AD 1536–1572) against Spanish control of the Andes. Building on three years of excavation and two years of archival work, the authors discuss the events that took place in this area, speaking to the complex relationships that existed between the Europeans and Andeans during the decades that Vilcabamba was the final stronghold of the Inca empire. This has long been a topic of interest for the public; the results of the first large-scale scientific research conducted in the region will be illuminating for scholars as well as for general readers who are enthusiasts of this period of history and archaeology.


Brian S. Bauer is a professor of anthropology at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Javier Fonseca Santa Cruz is a senior archaeologist in the Ministry of Culture in Peru.

Miriam Aráoz Silva has directed numerous archaeological projects across the Andes.

Published By The Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press

8.5 x 11 in. 216 pages 259 figs., 1 table